Create a Quiz. The academic subject for which the text must be created - Biology. It should be for students studying at Year or Grade 10 (ag...
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What age groupYear or Grade 10
What topicReproduce
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  1. Describe the process of meiosis.
  2. What is the function of the testes in the male reproductive system?
  3. What is the difference between mitosis and meiosis?
  4. How does fertilization occur in sexual reproduction?
  5. What is the role of estrogen in the female reproductive system?


  1. Meiosis is a cell division process that produces gametes, or sex cells, with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell. It involves two rounds of cell division and produces four genetically diverse daughter cells.
  2. The testes produce and store sperm, which are released during ejaculation to fertilize the female's egg. They also produce the hormone testosterone which is responsible for male characteristics like hair growth and a deep voice.
  3. Mitosis is a cell division process that produces genetically identical daughter cells with the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell. Meiosis produces genetically diverse daughter cells with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.
  4. Fertilization occurs when a sperm cell merges with an egg cell, forming a zygote with a complete set of chromosomes. This usually occurs in the female's fallopian tube after ovulation.
  5. Estrogen is responsible for maintaining the female reproductive system, including the development of secondary sex characteristics like breast growth and regulating the menstrual cycle. It also promotes the thickening of the uterine lining in preparation for pregnancy.