Write an essay. Required topic is Family in Macbeth. The academic subject for which the text must be created - English. It should be for stu...
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What topicFamily in Macbeth
Which subjectEnglish
What age groupYear or Grade 11
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Family is a recurring theme in Shakespeare's Macbeth. From the opening scene, where Macbeth is referred to as "brave Macbeth" and his wife is called "my dearest partner of greatness," it is clear that the couple is deeply connected and supportive of each other. However, as the play progresses, their relationship becomes increasingly strained, and they ultimately meet tragic ends. The theme of family is also reflected in the relationships between other characters, such as Banquo and his son Fleance. Through these relationships, the play explores the complex and often destructive nature of familial ties.

Macbeth and Lady Macbeth

The relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth is central to the play. At the beginning of the play, they are united in their ambition and desire for power. Lady Macbeth is particularly influential in encouraging Macbeth to murder King Duncan, shaping his decision with her strong words. However, as the play progresses, their relationship becomes strained. Lady Macbeth becomes consumed by guilt and madness, while Macbeth becomes more ruthless and detached. Ultimately, their love for each other is unable to outweigh their desire for power, and they are both destroyed.

Banquo and Fleance

Banquo's relationship with his son Fleance offers a contrast to the Macbeths' relationship. While Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are both driven by ambition, Banquo is more focused on protecting his son and ensuring his future. He encourages Fleance to be brave and independent, telling him that "the world is still deceived with ornament." Banquo's love for his son is evident in his dying words, when he urges Fleance to flee and "avenge the death of thy father."

The Witches

The witches can be seen as a twisted family unit, with their own hierarchy and internal power struggles. They are often depicted as female and un-maternal, leading Macbeth to refer to them as "you secret, black, and midnight hags!" However, they are also related to each other in some way, and their ability to prophesy the future suggests a form of mystical kinship. Like the Macbeths, the witches are ultimately destroyed by their own ambition and greed.


The theme of family in Macbeth offers a glimpse into the complex nature of human relationships. While some characters are driven to protect their loved ones at all costs, others are more focused on their own ambitions and desires. Shakespeare portrays the destructive power of familial ties, but also suggests that love and loyalty can endure even in the darkest of times. Ultimately, the play reminds us of the importance of our connections to others, and the ways in which they shape our lives and our destinies.